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3.0 Welcome to Module 3 – Physical & Mental Preparation

Welcome to module 3: Physical & Mental Preparation.  This is a meaty module, so now is the time to focus and find out about strategies you can use to prepare for climbing.

Module Objective:

To understand and be able to implement elements of mental preparation

To understand anxiety and be able to implement strategies to reduce anxiety

This module will cover the following topics:

  • The difference between anxiety and stress
  • The types & causes of anxiety
  • Performance anxiety
  • Anxiety self analysis
  • Mindfulness
  • Self-Talk

That’s all ‘mental preparation’, you might think. You’d be right.  The mental aspects covered in this module are very important, so we’ve decided to cover the ‘physical preparation’ aspects in the following module, to allow you the space and time to focus.

We’re going to get started straight away by looking at stress and anxiety.

Exercise: Reading Definitions // Duration: <5 mins

Introduction to Stress and Anxiety


Anxiety is an emotion we experience. Lazarus (2000) defined the emotion of anxiety as “facing uncertain, existential threat”.  The dictionary describes anxiety as: a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease about something with an uncertain outcome”. According to R.Cox in Sport Psychology Concepts & Applications, “anxiety is said to have most influence upon athletic performance”.


If we look in the dictionary, we see stress defined as follows: “a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances.”  A stress response comes from a stimulus or stressor.  Stress itself is not an intrinsically bad thing.  It can help to motivate us, but in excess it can cause mental and physical health problems.
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